Left: teacher training; Centre: A peace mission in a cattle camp; Right: Vegetable production supported by ACROSS
Health & Education
ACROSS’ Health and Education programmes in Rumbek East work closely with the Ministries of Education and Health. In 2016 ACROSS trained 8 health managers in order to strengthen the supervision of health facilities.
ACROSS trains teachers and supervisors in the education sector. Head teachers from Rumbek East reported in 2016 that they were now receiving regular supervisory visits from Payam and County school inspectors, and attributed this to ACROSS’ programme. ACROSS also helps children to stay in education, particularly girls, incentivising boys to support girls’ learning and education. Thanks in part to ACROSS, 574 girls and 230 boys continued in education in 2016, while 105 girls and 63 boys completed their education.
The Health & Education programmes contain a significant peacebuilding element, which also involves the local church. ECS bishops of Akot and Rumbek dioceses, Bishops Isaac and Alapayo, alongside clan leaders, government officials and NGOs, have worked hard to mediate between youth of rival clans. ACROSS has played its part in bringing people together and through the use of Digital Audio Players, particularly in cattle camps. Revenge killing and clan fighting were significantly reduced in 2016. Rival clans were able to stay together in one cattle camp and visit each other’s villages without restriction or fear.
Farming God’s Way
Supported by Tear Fund Switzerland, ACROSS ran refresher training to improve food security in Rumbek East, attended by 20 participants, following basic training in 2015.
Funded by the International Development Association and by Denmark, the Local Government and Service Delivery Project provides block grants for payam development, involves communities throughout the process, strengthens institutions, and provides project management support. ACROSS facilitates community engagement for the project, helping bomas and payams to identify their needs, develop priority lists and select projects. Thanks to ACROSS, women made up 46% of participants in community meetings, influencing the kind of interventions prioritised. Women, who fetch water from distant places, have particularly identified water as a pressing need. ACROSS has helped to set up Payam Development Committees and Project Supervisory Teams to supervise interventions once selected, following up with County Authorities and contractors when work is not proceeding as it should. Water User Committees have over 50% female representation.
The statement on LOGOSEED project reads: ‘The Government of the Republic of South Sudan (GRSS) is implementing the Local Governance and Service Delivery Project (LGSDP) financed by the International Development Association as well as the bi-lateral donor Denmark. The LGSDP is implemented on behalf of GRSS by the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning (MoFEP) and the Local Government Board (LGB). The Project was approved by the World Bank Board on March 28, 2013 and the Project is currently scheduled to close on December 31, 2018.
LOGOSEED is an ACRONYM devised from Local Governance and Service Delivery Project (LGSDP). For simple pronunciation, the Project partners agreed on LOGOSEED instead of LGSDP to be used as the project name. The project is divided into four components namely
1. Block Grants to Counties for Payam Development,
2. Community Engagement,
3. Institutional Strengthening and
4. Project Management.
The Objective of the Project
The Specific Objective of the LOGOSEED Project is ‘To promote and strengthen the engagement of communities in inclusive and participatory planning, implementation and oversight of local development activities at Boma, Payam and County levels using conflict sensitive approaches’.
Across was contracted to facilitate the Community Engagement component in the Lakes State region in January 2015 and the contract was renewed in December 2015 for 2 more years till December 2017, with a possibility for extension to the completion of the pilot period that ends in 2018.
Project Partners and Coordination
The Community Engagement component of LOGOSEED is implemented by Across in Lakes State under the supervision of the Project Management Unit (PMU) in Juba, and in coordination with the State Project Coordination and Support Office (SPCSO) of PMU, the States’ Ministries of Local Government and Law Enforcement Agencies and the County Authorities. Across as the Facilitating Partner also collaborates with the Co water, a Canadian firm contracted to provide Technical Assistance to build County Authorities’ capacities in construction and financial management and accountability among other areas.
Across is facilitating community engagement as follows:
72 Bomas in 21 Payams of 4 Counties namely Rumbek East, Yirol West, Wulu and Rumbek Central are being facilitated by Across in Lakes State region
Over 12,000 people have attended the community consultation meetings whereby they have carried out conflict, social and resource assessment & mapping and identified needs and prioritized them
Each of the 72 Bomas has formed Boma Development Committee (BDC) and 726 members have been trained in their roles and responsibilities
Each of the 21 Payams has formed Payam Development Committee (PDC) and 334 PDC members have been trained in their roles and responsibilities
For the 27 Bomas in the 9 Payams started in 2015, 40 projects were approved and have started. These include: 4 Primary Schools (with 2 classrooms for each school), 31 Boreholes, 1 Primary Health Care Unit, 2 Primary Health Care Centers, 1 public toilet (with 5 stances) at a market place and a 46 km road.
The Payam Development Grant fund for these 40 projects is USD 1,850,012.
Each of the 40 projects formed a Project Supervisory Team (PST) and a total of 202 PST members have been trained in their roles and responsibilities.
Some of the notable changes in attitude and action from the communities through the engagement are:
Communities are now positive that the projects will succeed. Initially when the stakeholders meetings and community consultations were carried out in each County, the people told Across that the project will not succeed because previous government projects have not succeeded. The people were informed that this project is different in that the communities participate and decide which projects and where they will be allocated. They also participate in the implementation and management of the project. Currently, the communities are quite happy and are fully involved in the planning, implementation and management of the projects.
Communities are taking responsibility to manage the facilities and are maintaining them. For example, 19 boreholes were constructed in Rumbek East in 2013 and to date all are operating well. Communities through the Water user committees collect money and in some places Ground nuts which are sold for use in repairing the pump when needed. They buy spare parts and pay a technician to fix it.
Elite capture has been successfully contained. No one individual decides where the project should be whether it should be near his/her own place or so. The whole community discusses and agrees where the facility should be. There some places where the chiefs wanted to divert the location of boreholes to be near their homes and away from the general population. The BDC and PDC members stood firm and successfully resisted such moves.
Women have participated fully. About 40% of the participants in the community consultations meetings have been women and have successfully influenced which kind of projects should be selected. In a place called Wulu Gedim in Wulu County, youths residing in Wulu town but coming from Wulu Gedim, came to the community meeting prepared to influence the community to select the Boma Administration construction as the project to be taken. The women said they wanted water. When the voting came which was by standing in lines for the project one wanted, all the women went to the water project with some men supporting them. They were singing even as they lined up. The youths were so embarrassed that they could not even stand on their own in the administration office construction line, instead they joined the line for the water project. The women joked saying ‘where are the young men for the administration office? Some women in Abarkou Boma in Rumbek Centre after the voting for projects, whereby their choice of a Primary Health Care went through, were so happy and said that ‘this democratic system of making decisions jointly, should also be used in family decisions in homes’
The PDCs are involved in the management of the projects work and approve payment when the work has been completed. In some places the contractors wanted to be paid before the completion of the work. The chairmen of the PDCs do refuse to sign for the payments until all the work is completed well.
The Project is managed by Dr. Jonas Njelango at State level and is supported by 3 Project Officers. John Malou manages Rumbek East and Rumbek Centre; Poth Madit Manages Wulu County work and Peter Majur manages Yirol West County work. The project has 3 vehicles among other assets/equipment and has recruited 3 Drivers to facilitate movement to the Counties and communities. The Head of Programs supported by the Across Leadership Team in general in Juba main office, provide technical and leadership support for quality assurance and interface with the Project Management Unit/Local Government Board/Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning (PMU/LGB/MoFEP) in Juba. The Across Lakes State Region Team Leader provides on the ground general oversight and coordination of the LOGOSEED work in the State. The finance manager/Accountant and Logistician in Lakes State location provide support to the project.
The major challenge in Lakes region is security. Many times the work has to stop because conflict will be going on in an area. Recently, Across staff were robbed on the road from Rumbek Central to Rumbek East. Border disputes exacerbate the security problem. Currently the LOGOSEED team cannot travel to Bhargel Payam and carry out the work due to the border dispute between the newly created States of Western Lakes and Gok.
The roads are very bad especially during the rainy season. Rivers and streams and flooding hinder travel to many of the communities and project sites. Our preference is to carry out most of the work during the dry season but funding delay forced the projects implementation to be done during the dry season.
Communities being involved in the implementation and management of projects is a new approach. Authorities are not used to having communities participate in decision on contractors’ selection and management of the projects. It took persistence and continued dialogue with County Authorities and they are beginning to understand and accept the involvement of communities in the projects implementation and management.
The prevailing conflicts and humanitarian crises in the sub-regions of the Horn of Africa and the Great lakes continue to influence and impact on the humanitarian situation in South Sudan. The country is home to an estimated 265,288 refugees mostly from Sudan, DR Congo, Ethiopia and Central African Republic (CAR).This figure has increased from year 2015 this year 2016 by 20,650 which is 8.4%. There is nearly more than 17,000 refugee population in Central Equatoria state among which nearly 6000 of them are located in Urban Juba and the rest in the two settlements of Lasu and Gorom.
Across is implementing integrated response program in collaboration with UNHCR in two refugee settlements and providing services to nearly 13,000 refugee populations in Central equatorial state Gorom and Lasu camps. The nationalities of the refugees are Ethiopians from Gambela region, Sudanese from Nuba mountains and Congolese from Democratic Republic of Congo. Further, the program also stretches towards the host community (South Sudan) in terms of providing services and creates harmony between the refugees and the host community. The program has six international staff members, and 106 national staff(31 female), in total 112.
The major Integrated Response interventions include Education, Health services, WASH, Livelihood, Protection/Community services, and Camp management/provision of shelter.
Education: Across with the support from UNHCR offers education to refugee children and youth in Lasu and Gorom as guided by the validated South Sudan education curriculum. Education in a refugee context is both protection and development tool. As a development tool, education lays firm foundation to personal development, enhancing chances of durable or lasting solutions. Specific activities include: construction and maintenance of school infrastructure, provision of curriculum materials and school uniforms, teachers recruitment management and training, promotion of co-curricular activities. Community mobilization is also undertaken to sensitize communities on importance of education and reduce illiteracy among the refugees.
Health care services: Primary health services provision is being carried out in three clinics of two in Lasu and one in Gorom settlement. The services include clinic level consultations, inpatient and outpatient treatment, and referrals to higher level treatments in Yei and Juba. Health education and HIV campaigns for testing and counseling is an integral part of the health services provided to the refugee and the host community. In addition Across coordinates and facilitates the national medical referrals to Juba teaching hospital for the refugees from across the country with UNHCR. Accordingly, on average more than 15,000 people served by the health program annually.
WASH: Across also work on the supply of safe water for the refugee communities in the two settlements and there are 23 water schemes(17 in Lasu and 6 in Gorom) providing services to the refugees in the two camps in Lasu and Gorom. Further, Across in collaboration with UNHCR has also constructed two boreholes for Gorom host community for safe water supply. Repair and rehabilitation of water schemes, training of water management committee, sanitation and hygiene campaigns, and construction of communal and household latrines are among the activities being carried out in WASH sector.
Livelihood program: The livelihood interventions include general ration food distribution in collaboration with UNHCR and WFP, Supporting agricultural production activities for refugees, training and support on small businesses and vocational trainings for the youth in Gorom settlement. Accordingly promising result is being achieved in improving the livelihood options for the refugees.
Community Services/Protection: The interventions are geared towards addressing various protection risks and reduce vulnerability among children, women, the elderly and sickly and persons with specific needs. Focus is given to strengthening community structures and mechanisms, to enhance child protection and development, reduce the risk of Sexual Gender Based Violence (SGBV) and promoting self-governance among the refugee populations. In addition, this helps in promoting and forging peaceful co-existence among the refugees and with host community.
Camp management and Coordination: We promote establishment refugee leadership structures to enhance self-governance among the refugees and positive engagement with agencies to ensure refugees access and enjoy their right.
1. Goal:contributing to an improved/transformed livelihood basis, enabling rural households to meet their basic needs and to benefit from opportunities in a post-war society.
1.1 Project objective: food security and livelihoods of participating households are improved through enhanced agricultural productivity and the establishment of small-scale enterprises as well as strengthened structures of conflict management and peace promotion.
1.2 Project Location: Rumbek East County.
1.3 Food security Achievements from Jan- June, 2016.
- 160 ox-ploughs have been distributed to 160 Households.
- 156.8 Hectares cultivated using the distributed ox-ploughs by the target groups including indirect beneficiaries.
- 330 of sweet potato ridges has been establish in four demonstrations sites as promotion of root and drought resistant crops in Rumbek East county.
- Two trainings of 30 participants each has been accomplished in Mathing- Kok and Paloc payam.
- 300 pcs of assorted hand tools have been distributed.
- AATC Alumni conference conducted where AATC Alumni Association (AAA) was formed.
- Training on fruit trees propagation conducted to 20 participants at Atiriu Boljuom.
Fishing strengthens food security
Women participation in farming
1.4 INCOME THROUGH TRAINING OF (CMMF) COMMUNITY MANAGED MICRO-FINANCE GROUPS & SUPPORT TO COMMUNITY-DEVELOPED INITIATIVES.
CMMF ACHIEVEMENTS 2016.
- 61 members of CMMF were trained in Mathiangkok and Ayenmayar respectively
- 60 people envisioned in Atot and Ayenmayar villages
- 153267 SSP (8285$) was saved by CMMF groups in Paloc, Akot, Panhom, Acukgam and Atiaba payams.
Money in the Box
Members counting money
1.5 Peace building in Rumbek East.
-Twenty-five  community peace led dialogues were supported in all payams of Rumbek East County.
-Peace achieved in all eight  payams of Rumbek East County.
-118 t-shirts distributed as promotional material to Gelwuong youth.
-36 members of earlier warning committee was mobilized and formed in Akot, Paloch, Atiaba and Aduel Payams
Paramount Chief appreciating youth after reconciliation
In 2015 Across commits to the concept of OPEN DATA. As part of this commitment, Across is publishing project data in an IATI-compliant way. Across will begin publishing IATI compliant project data as from February 2015, starting with a UKAID funded Girls’ Education Challenge project in South Sudan that is a joint partnership with Red een Kind (Help a Child). Across will initially publish data that needs to be published.
The Lead organization in South Sudan is Red Een Kind (ReK) and the key partner organization is Across. The education focus is on lower and upper primary. Target location is Rumbek East County in 25 schools. The impact on learning targets 12,336 marginalized girls.
Across complies with Red een Kind’s belief in sharing information and knowledge in order to make cooperation easier. Across therefore commits to publish financial data.
Goal: To develop an overview of the context and current trends in Boma Sub-County, analyze key stakeholders, map out conflict and conflict related risks, and peace building opportunities, with a view to outlining entry points for future Across programming. Boma Early Recovery Programme (ERP)
Location: Boma County
NFIs distribution to 1000 HH in Jebel Boma County
Boma Peace and Education project (proposal submitted but not yet approved)
Registration of 1,354 House holds for distribution of Non food items and vegetable seeds
Procurement, transportation and distribution of NFIs and vegetable seeds to Jebel Boma County.
Distribution of 986 NFI kits to at least 5,000 beneficiaries in four locations in Jebel Boma
Continue the community capacity building of local government administrators and supporting students in schools in Uganda.
Conducted education assessment and established baseline data for the basis for any Education intervention in Jebel Boma.
Across Boma is now the lead Education cluster coordinator for all other NGOs working on Education in Boma
Challenges & Needs
There is need for a Location Manager to help in project implementation
There are more returnees. 1000 HH plan is therefore short of covering the whole population of the returnees.
Lack of funding has made it hard to start implementing our education in emergencies project.
Need for renovation of Boma education and compound facilities to enable staff establish to fully implement the projects. In 2013 Across compound suffered great losses following theft and destruction property. In 2015 lightning struck hitting the vsat, and other electronic equipment and one staff.
Need to buy 1 car to ease mobility to field locations