The prevailing conflicts and humanitarian crises in the sub-regions of the Horn of Africa and the Great lakes continue to influence and impact on the humanitarian situation in South Sudan. The country is home to an estimated 265,288 refugees mostly from Sudan, DR Congo, Ethiopia and Central African Republic (CAR).This figure has increased from year 2015 this year 2016 by 20,650 which is 8.4%. There is nearly more than 17,000 refugee population in Central Equatoria state among which nearly 6000 of them are located in Urban Juba and the rest in the two settlements of Lasu and Gorom.
Across is implementing integrated response program in collaboration with UNHCR in two refugee settlements and providing services to nearly 13,000 refugee populations in Central equatorial state Gorom and Lasu camps. The nationalities of the refugees are Ethiopians from Gambela region, Sudanese from Nuba mountains and Congolese from Democratic Republic of Congo. Further, the program also stretches towards the host community (South Sudan) in terms of providing services and creates harmony between the refugees and the host community. The program has six international staff members, and 106 national staff(31 female), in total 112.
The major Integrated Response interventions include Education, Health services, WASH, Livelihood, Protection/Community services, and Camp management/provision of shelter.
Education: Across with the support from UNHCR offers education to refugee children and youth in Lasu and Gorom as guided by the validated South Sudan education curriculum. Education in a refugee context is both protection and development tool. As a development tool, education lays firm foundation to personal development, enhancing chances of durable or lasting solutions. Specific activities include: construction and maintenance of school infrastructure, provision of curriculum materials and school uniforms, teachers recruitment management and training, promotion of co-curricular activities. Community mobilization is also undertaken to sensitize communities on importance of education and reduce illiteracy among the refugees.
Health care services: Primary health services provision is being carried out in three clinics of two in Lasu and one in Gorom settlement. The services include clinic level consultations, inpatient and outpatient treatment, and referrals to higher level treatments in Yei and Juba. Health education and HIV campaigns for testing and counseling is an integral part of the health services provided to the refugee and the host community. In addition Across coordinates and facilitates the national medical referrals to Juba teaching hospital for the refugees from across the country with UNHCR. Accordingly, on average more than 15,000 people served by the health program annually.
WASH: Across also work on the supply of safe water for the refugee communities in the two settlements and there are 23 water schemes(17 in Lasu and 6 in Gorom) providing services to the refugees in the two camps in Lasu and Gorom. Further, Across in collaboration with UNHCR has also constructed two boreholes for Gorom host community for safe water supply. Repair and rehabilitation of water schemes, training of water management committee, sanitation and hygiene campaigns, and construction of communal and household latrines are among the activities being carried out in WASH sector.
Livelihood program: The livelihood interventions include general ration food distribution in collaboration with UNHCR and WFP, Supporting agricultural production activities for refugees, training and support on small businesses and vocational trainings for the youth in Gorom settlement. Accordingly promising result is being achieved in improving the livelihood options for the refugees.
Community Services/Protection: The interventions are geared towards addressing various protection risks and reduce vulnerability among children, women, the elderly and sickly and persons with specific needs. Focus is given to strengthening community structures and mechanisms, to enhance child protection and development, reduce the risk of Sexual Gender Based Violence (SGBV) and promoting self-governance among the refugee populations. In addition, this helps in promoting and forging peaceful co-existence among the refugees and with host community.
Camp management and Coordination: We promote establishment refugee leadership structures to enhance self-governance among the refugees and positive engagement with agencies to ensure refugees access and enjoy their right.